What is a spinal fusion?

Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure that is used to permanently join two or more vertebrae (bones of the spine) together. The goal of the procedure is to stabilize the spine and reduce pain and other symptoms caused by problems with the spinal bones or discs.

Spinal fusion may be recommended for a variety of conditions, including:

Degenerative disc disease: 

This is a condition in which the discs between the vertebrae become worn down or damaged, leading to pain and other symptoms.


This is a condition in which the spine curves to the side, causing a lateral curvature of the spine.

spinal fusion

Spinal stenosis:

This is a condition in which the space around the spinal cord becomes narrowed, causing pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.


This is a condition in which one vertebra slips forward or backward in relation to the vertebrae above or below it.

Spinal fusion is typically performed under general anesthesia and may be done using an open or minimally invasive technique. During the procedure, the surgeon removes any damaged or diseased bone or disc material and then places bone grafts between the vertebrae to be fused. The bone grafts may come from the patient’s own body (autograft) or from a donor (allograft). The surgeon may also use metal rods, screws, or other devices to hold the vertebrae in place while the bone grafts heal.

Spinal fusion is a major surgery and is usually reserved for more severe cases of spinal problems. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure and so book with Dr Sherief to discuss treatment options.