Scheuermann’s Kyphosis

Understanding Scheuermann’s Kyphosis:

Scheuermann’s Kyphosis, synonymous with Scheuermann’s disease, is a spinal condition marked by an excessive upper back curvature, leading to a noticeable hunched posture. Primarily affecting adolescents aged 12 to 17, this condition often prompts parental concern due to its distinctive “hunchbacked” appearance. 

Evaluation becomes essential, positioning Scheuermann’s Kyphosis as a prevalent cause of kyphotic deformity in adolescents.

Onset and Prevalence:

This condition typically emerges during adolescence, showing a higher prevalence in boys than girls. The wedge-shaped vertebrae contribute to the abnormal curvature, significantly impacting overall spine alignment.

Symptoms of Scheuermann’s Kyphosis:

  • Hunched posture
  • Back pain
  • Difficulty standing or walking

The symptom severity varies, ranging from mild discomfort to pronounced challenges in mobility. Scheuermann’s disease in adults is observed as a consequence of non-treatment of Scheuermann’s kyphosis in adolescence.

Diagnostic Criteria and Procedures

Diagnosis is important to ascertain the most appropriate treatment approach. Typically, adolescents aged 12 to 17 years are diagnosed with this condition. Parents notice a postural deformity pain in the affected region.

Diagnostic Criteria:

  • Rigid hyperkyphosis exceeding 40 degrees.

  • Anterior wedging of ≥5 degrees in three or more adjacent vertebral bodies.

Diagnosis includes history, physical examination, and AP/lateral radiographs. Lateral radiographs are used for diagnosis; MRI is used for further evaluation or pre-operative planning (if needed).

Associated findings may include Irregular vertebral endplates, Schmorl nodes, loss of disc space height, scoliosis, spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis, and disc herniation.

Treatment Options with Dr Sherief

Dr Sherief customises treatment plans based on the severity of Scheuermann’s Kyphosis.

For mild cases, non-invasive interventions are emphasised, including:

  • Targeted physical therapy to strengthen spine-supporting muscles.
  • Specific exercises addressing curvature and improving flexibility.
  • Pain medication for symptom management.

Severe Cases

Severe cases may require surgical intervention. Dr Sherief employs expert surgical techniques, including spinal fusion. Surgical procedures aim to correct spine curvature and enhance overall posture. Each surgery is personalised to the patient’s unique anatomical considerations, ensuring optimal outcomes.

Table of Contents

Seek The Expert Guidance

Scheuermann’s kyphosis, while more prevalent during adolescence, can impact individuals of all ages. Scheuermann’s disease treatment in adults, however, may be more complex.

Understanding the symptoms and available treatment options is crucial for managing this condition effectively. Whether exploring non-invasive methods or considering surgical intervention, Dr Sherief Elsayed offers expert guidance and personalised care to address Scheuermann’s kyphosis and related spinal issues in Dubai.

Book a consultation with Dr Sherief to gain a deeper understanding of Scheuermann’s kyphosis.