Back Pain Treatment

Spine Anatomy 

Spinal cord:

Nerves: The spine also hback pain ouses various nerves, which are connected to the spinal cord. The nerve roots branch out from the spinal cord through openings in the vertebrae and transport messages between the brain and the other organs of the body.

Intervertebral discs: The spine’s vertebrae are separated by intervertebral discs, which act as cushions between each vertebra. These are important for the spine’s normal functioning and act as shock absorbers when walking or running.

What are the causes of lower back pain?

Several issues can cause lower back pain. Some of them are as follows:

Ligament Strain

The ligaments and muscles that surround the spinal cord firmly hold it in place to prevent extreme bending or twisting movements. A ligament strain is an injury to a ligament in which the fibers are stretched or torn. The most common cause of a ligament strain is overuse, repetitive motion, or an injury. However, anyone can experience a back ligament sprain in regular activities, marked by tenderness, swelling, and muscle spasms in the lower back muscles.

Spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis is the term given to the narrowing of the spinal canal caused by degenerative spine changes. Symptoms may include pain, numbness, muscle weakness, and tingling sensations. It mostly occurs in older adults.

Spinal infections

Spinal infections may cause lower back pain because of the inflammation that it can cause around the spine. The inflammation leads to pressure on the nerves in the area. It will make the pain worse by overloading the nerve endings with pain signals.

Degenerative Disc Diseases

Degenerative disc disease is a back pain disease caused by the spine’s outer soft tissue’s deterioration or wear and tear. In most cases, degenerative disc disease occurs when the bony structures of the spine squeeze the disc space.

Cauda equina syndrome

Cauda equina syndrome is a medical condition in which the lower spine and its nerves are compressed, causing severe and often permanent nerve damage. The compression of the nerves can result from a large disc prolapse, trauma, tumors, or other causes. In this condition, the patient experienced severe back pain, bowel and bladder problems, weakness, numbness, or loss of sensation in the legs. Cauda equina syndrome is typically a surgical emergency. 

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Sciatica

Sciatica is a disorder that also causes pain in the lower back, buttocks, or thighs and legs due to compression of the nerve roots as they leave the spine. Symptoms typically include lower back pain, numbness and pain in the legs, and tingling or weakness of the feet. The symptoms may be worsened by coughing or sneezing.

Traumatic Accidents

Traumatic injuries are injuries that occur due to a sudden, violent shock or force. It can range from something as minor as simply falling off your bike to something more serious, like being hit by a car. These events often cause injury to the soft tissue or bones in the lower back or spine and other body parts.

Diagnosis for back pain

Physical examination

A physical examination of the patient is performed after studying the symptoms and medical history. During a typical physical test, the doctor examines your back and assesses your ability to sit, stand, walk, and lift your legs. It is done to understand the muscle strength, reflexes, and neurological condition of the patient.

Imaging studies 

When a specific condition is suspected of giving rise to back pain, imaging studies narrow down the cause. Given below are some of the imaging technologies:

BMD DEXA scan

A BMD (Bone mineral Density) DEXA scan is a type of imaging test that uses x-rays to produce images of the spine, hip and forearm. These scans can be used to diagnose osteoporosis or osteopenia.

MRI and CT scan

A Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses radio waves and magnetic fields to generate images of body structures. On the other hand, a CT scan is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses X-rays taken from different angles to produce a two-dimensional image of the inside of the body.

Blood tests

Blood and urine tests also help determine the underlying conditions, such as inflammation and infection, causing back pain. Blood test results can be sent to a primary care provider, who will use the information to make treatment recommendations.

Risk factors associated with back pain

Given below are the factors that might put you at greater risk of developing back pain, according to the back pain doctor in Dubai:

  • Age: The risk of having back pain increases with age. According to studies, it is more common in people who are more than 30 years old.
  • Sedentary lifestyle: The lack of physical activity often exposes you to back pain. Lack of exercise weakens the abdomen and back muscles.
  • Improper lifting techniques: Back pain can occur if you use your back instead of your legs to lift weights.
  • Poor Posture: Poor posture is often caused by slouching, sitting for long periods without a break, and poor ergonomic equipment.
  • Excess weight: Excess body weight, which puts extra pressure on the back, can also cause back pain.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnant women often tend to suffer from pain in the back.
  • Diseases: Medical issues such as arthritis often cause back pain.
  • Smoking: It is found that the risk of developing back pain increases with the number of cigarettes smoked per day. 

Types of back pain treatment

There are several different types of back pain treatment, including the following:

Physical therapy, massage, and occupational therapy

Physical therapy (physiotherapy)is a type of treatment that helps people with injuries or pain. It can also help to prevent future problems from occurring. Massage is the use of touch to improve health and promote healing. Occupational therapy is a form of treatment that helps people with disabilities and other health problems lead fulfilling lives.

Medications

Medications are substances that are introduced into the body to help reverse or prevent a medical condition. They may be taken orally, applied topically, injected, or inserted into the body. The most common pain relievers include acetaminophen (paracetamol), ibuprofen, and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Acupuncture

Acupuncture for back pain treatment is a common treatment option. It involves the insertion of needles into specific points on the body to help relieve pain and inflammation in the muscles, ligaments, and nerves.

Lifestyle adjustments

Lifestyle adjustments are those changes you make to improve your mental, physical, and emotional well-being. 

Surgeries

Back surgeries usually involve procedures for the spine or spinal cord. Surgery for lower back pain is the last resort treatment and is recommended by Dr Sherief, back pain doctor in Dubai only when the pain persists after a considerable period of non-operative management. 

What are the various types of back surgery?

Given below are some different types of back pain surgeries performed by back pain doctors in Dubai:

Spinal fusion surgery

Spinal fusion is a technique that fuses two or more vertebrae in your spine. It was originally done to treat severe back pain, but it can also be used to stabilize a spinal column that’s been damaged by a fracture, tumor, or infection.

Laminectomy

A laminectomy is a medical procedure to remove the bone that covers the spinal cord (or nerves) to relieve pressure on or open up the spinal canal. A laminectomy may be used to treat a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, or other conditions.

Microdiscectomy

A microdiscectomy is another minimally invasive surgical technique performed by Dr Sherief, a back pain doctor in Dubai. It involves removing part of the disc to reduce pressure on the nerves. It is effective at relieving pain, with high levels of patient satisfaction.

Kyphoplasty

Surgeons perform kyphoplasty to help with collapsed vertebrae causing pain. The surgery involves inserting a special bone cement to stabilize the vertebra. It is often used in patients with osteoporosis, tumors and fractures. 

Artificial disc replacement

Artificial disc replacement is a procedure in which an artificial, manufactured disc is implanted to replace the damaged one. Dr Sherief can guide you with regards to the need for a cervical disc replacement (neck) or lumbar disc replacement (lower back). A cervical disc replacement is also known as cervical arthroplasty. 

Lumbar decompression

Lumbar decompression treats back pain by removing the extra or excess bone between two vertebrae in the spine. Lumbar decompression aims to relieve pressure on the nerves – helping to reduce pain and other symptoms experienced in the legs. 

Dr. Sherief Elsayed is a UK board-certified spine surgeon, specializing in spine surgery, back pain treatment, and sports medicine. He has performed several thousand operations surgeries in the United Kingdom and in the United Arab Emirates. Contact Dr. Sherief today if you are looking for the best back pain doctor in Dubai.

 

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